the region stretching from the seacoast to the highest peaks of Velebit,
there are some 800 species of flora. Of these, some 40 species are
endemic, plants of limited distribution, mostly located only on the
Velebit Mountains or the Dinaric Mountains.
The only species to grow exclusively
in the canyons of the Mala and Velika Paklenica creeks and nowhere
else in the world, is a specific species of sandwort
The most well known endemic species in the canyons of the Mala and
Velika Paklenica creeks is the window bellflower
Within the national park, several species of bellflower grow; the
most worthy of note is the chimney bellflower (Campanula
On the slopes of the canyon, a commonly found species is Waldstein’s
bellflower (Campanula waldsteiniana).
In the early spring, among the first to bloom is the sweet
violet (Viola odorata).
The phenomenon of the forest is one of the primary reasons why the
region of South Velebit was proclaimed a national park. The steep
cliffs of the park are covered with black pine
(Pinus nigra) forests.
Due to the specific climate and the rocky foundations, the trees
are frequently dwarfed, and are interesting and unusual in appearance.
The common smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria)
gives the regions colour in spring with its blossoms, while in the
autumn it bears leaves of a brilliant red.
In some areas of the park, the only species present is the red-berried
juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus).